Dandruff can be a nightmare especially if you are wearing a black shirt.  Cue the woman from the scenes in the anti – dandruff shampoo tv commercial.  And there is another scene where the woman appearing so confident with her hair shine bright with no trace of dandruff on her shirt.  The scene sounds familiar to many people.  That is one example of how your confidence level can boost up by getting rid of dandruff. So, what causes dandruff?.

what causes dandruff

What Causes Dandruff?

Generally, dandruff is a common scalp condition whereby pieces of dry skin that clump together flake off from the scalp.  Having dandruff may also cause your scalp to be itchy and uncomfortable.  Even though dandruff is often associated with poor hygiene however that is not the sole reason.   There are many factors that contributes to dandruff which includes dry skin, stress, reactions to hair products, skins conditions like psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema or seborrheic.

Do not be surprise that not enough brushing can also causes dandruff.  Combing your hair does helps in blood circulation and remove the flakes from clumping.

Dandruff is the scalp’s response to irritation. Irritation to your scalp causes changes in the skin that create itchiness, redness and dryness.

Treatments for Dandruff

After knowing what causes dandruff, next step is the treatments.  In treating dandruff the purpose is to slow down the reproduction of skin cells or to prevent excessive yeast production that can lead to dandruff.  Depending on the severity, the treatment can be different.  Beginning with the easiest is by purchasing the anti-dandruff shampoo.  Scroll down for more options that you can try.

1. Anti-Dandruff Shampoos

what causes dandruff

Sold at most stores and pharmacies anti-dandruff shampoos are the most common option if you are having mild condition of dandruff.  The active ingredients in the shampoo will slow down the growth of the yeast and reduce the production of oils by glands in the scalp.

Use gentle circular motions when shampooing to massage the scalp and encourage dead skin cells to lift off the surface.  Don’t scratch your scalp as such action will increase the fungus that causes dandruff and damages the scalp.The shampoo should be left on the scalp for at least 3-5 minutes.  Allow sometime for the ingredients to work.

For those who have a flaky scalp it is advisable to not use heavy oils or conditioners.  The excess oil from the products can increase the presence of the fungus that develops dandruff.

2. Natural Remedies for Dandruff Treatment

Apart from using anti-dandruff shampoo you can also opt for natural remedies to cure dandruff.  Though it will take time to show results but they can effectively treat the problem. Some suggestions includes:

Use Coconut Oil and Lemon

what causes dandruff

Coconut oil helps to eliminate dandruff due to its anti-fungal properties.  In addition, coconut oil also  provides relief from itching and moisturize dry scalp.

  1. Take a few tablespoon of  coconut oil and mix half the amount of lemon juice in a container.
  2. Rub it on your scalp, massage and leave for at least 20 minutes.
  3. Wash your hair.

Use Extra Virgin Olive Oil

what causes dandruff

Regular application of extra-virgin olive oil can help with scalp dryness as it is known to be effective natural moisturizer.

  1. Heat some extra virgin olive oil until it is slightly warm.
  2. Massage it onto your scalp and then wrap your hair in a towel.
  3. Leave it on for at least 45 minutes or overnight and then shampoo and condition your hair.

Use Tea Tree Oil

What Causes Dandruff

Tea tree oil is another way to cure dandruff at home.  Tea tree oil is also one of the ingredients found in anti-dandruff shampoo.

  1. Pour a few drops of tea tree oil on your scalp and massage it evenly.
  2. Let it soak for 5 minutes.
  3.  Wash it off with a mild shampoo.

Remember, all these remedies need to be applied at least two are three times a week for best results and continue to do so till you see the difference. Generally, dandruff does not require medical attention however if after several weeks dandruff is still a problem and it get worst a visit to the doctor or dermatologist (skin specialist) is recommended.

What Causes Dandruff and How to Treat It was last modified: May 12th, 2017 by Nora Liza